Translation

Pangu Separates Sky from Earth

China has a history longer than that of any other present-day nation, containing a plethora of myths and legends. Regarded as the "Chinese Adam" by Westerners, the first figure in China’s history was named Pangu.

According to legend, in the beginning, there was only darkness and chaos, and the sky and earth were one blurred entity. This vast "egg," as the Chinese call it, was subjected to two opposing forces or principles. The interaction between the two forces   the yin (passive or negative female principle) and yang (active or positive male principle)   gave birth to Pangu, causing the egg’s shell to crack.

Pangu has been depicted in many ways. He sometimes appears as a dwarf with two horns on his head, clothed in skins or leaves, and holding a hammer in one hand and a chisel in the other or the symbol of the yin and yang . Pang has also been portrayed holding the sun in one hand and the moon in the other. He is often accompanied by his companions, the four supernatural animals: the phoenix, dragon, unicorn and tortoise.

The separation of the sky and earth took 18,000 years to complete: the yang, which was light and pure, rose to become the sky; the yin , which was heavy and murky, sank to form the earth. Between the sky and earth was Pangu, who underwent nine changes every day: His wisdom greater than that of the sky and his ability greater than that of the earth. Every day the sky rose ten feet, the earth became ten feet thicker and Pangu grew ten feet taller. Another 18,000 years passed and the sky was very high; the earth, dense and Pangu, extremely tall. His body then dissolved and his head became the mountains; his breath, the wind and clouds; his voice, the thunder; his left eye, the sun and his right eye, the moon. Pangu’s beard became the stars; his four limbs, the four quadrants of the globe; his blood, the rivers and his veins and muscles, the layers of the earth. His flesh became the soil; his skin and hair, the trees and plants; his semen, pearls; his marrow, precious stones and his sweat turned into rain. All in all, Pangu and the universe became one.

The yin and yang gave birth to the Heavenly Emperors that gave way to the Earthly Emperors — the ancestors of Chinese rulers. The most important ones were the three legendary rulers and five emperors.

 Source: China Daily

(http://www.chinaculture.org/gb/en_learning/2003-09/24/content_20585.htm)

 

 

Pangu Separa El Cielo De La Tierra

China tiene una historia más larga que cualquier otra nación actual, conteniendo una plétora de mitos e leyendas. Visto como “El Adán Chino” por los occidentales, la primera figura en la historia China fue Pangu.

Conforme la leyenda, en el principio, había apenas tinieblas y caos, y el cielo y tierra eran una entidad borrosa, indistinta. Este vasto “huevo”, como los chinos lo llaman, era subordinado por dos fuerzas o principios opuestos. La interacción entre estos dos fuerzas, el yin (principio feminino, pasivo o negativo) y yang (principio masculino, activo o positivo), dió vida a Pangu, haciendo con que la cáscara del huevo se rompiera.

Pangu ha sido descrito de muchas maneras. A veces, él aparece como un enano con dos cuernos en la cabeza, vestido en piels o hojas, y sosteniendo un martillo en una mano y un cancel en la otra, o el símbolo de yin y yang. Pangu también ha sido retratado susteniendo el sol y la luna en cada mano. Él frecuentemente está acompañado por sus camaradas, cuatro animales sobrenaturales: la fénix, el dragon, el unicornio y la tortuga.

Cielo y tierra llevaran 18,000 años para separarse completamente: el yang, que era leve y puro, elevose para convertirse en el cielo; el yin, que era pesado y oscuro, hundiose para formar la tierra. Entre ellos estaba Pangu, que sufria nueve cambios todos los dias: su sabiduría, más grande que la del cielo, y su habilidad, que de la tierra. Cada día el cielo subía 10 pies, la tierra ganaba 10 pies de densidad y Pangu crescía 10 pies. Otros 18,000 años pasaranse y el cielo estaba muy alto; la tierra, densa; y Pangu extremadamente grande. Entonces, su cuerpo se disolvió, convertiendose su cabeza en montañas; su respiración, el viento y las nubes; su voz, el trueno; sus ojos, el izquierdo el sol, el derecho la luna. La barba de Pangu, pasaran a ser las estrellas; sus cuatro miembros, los cuatro cuadrantes del globo; su sangre, los rios y sus venas y músculos, capas de la tierra. Su carne convertiose en suelo; su piel y pelo, arbols y plantas; su semen, pérolas; su medulla, piedras preciosas, y su sudor, se hizo lluvia. Poco a poco, el universo y Pangu volveranse uno.

El yin y yang dieran vida a los Emperadores Celestiales que dieran lugar a los Emperadores Terrenos – ancestrales de los gobernantes chinos. Los más importantes fueran los tres legendarios gobernantes y los cinco emperadores.

 

Translation into Spanish for the website Toda China.

Admirador da cultura chinesa, tenho me esforçado para desmistificar e diminuir as distâncias entre esses dois países promissores perante o atual cenário econômico mundial: Brasil e China. Estudo mandarim desde 1997. Autodidata, acredito que não existam atalhos para o conhecimento. Não obstante, o exercício da aprendizagem, em si, e a perseverança encurtam caminhos, aumentam a concentração e tornam o percurso como o de um passeio matinal ensolarado. Além de atuar como tradutor-intérprete, sou consultor e intermedio negócios na área de importação-exportação.

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